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BIGTURK
JEWS AND THE MUSLIM TURKS

Foreword
At midnight August 2, 1492, when Columbus embarked on what would become his most famous expedition to the New World, his fleet departed from the relatively unknown seaport of Palos because the shipping lanes of Cadiz and Seville were clogged with Sephardic Jews expelled from Spain by the Edict of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain.

The Jews forced either to convert to Christianity or to "leave" the country under menace "they dare not return... not so much as to take a step on them not trespass upon them in any manner whatsoever" left their land, their property, their belongings all that was theirs and familiar to them rather than abandon their beliefs, their traditions, their heritage.

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In the faraway Ottoman Empire, one ruler extended an immediate welcome to the persecuted Jews of Spain, the Sephardim. He was the Sultan Bayazid II....

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A History Predating 1492

The history of the Jews in Anatolia started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews. Remnants of Jewish settlement from the 4th century B.C. have been uncovered in the Aegean region. The historian Josephus Flavius relates that Aristotle "met Jewish people with whom he had an exchange of views during his trip across Asia Minor."





Ancient synagogue ruins have been found in Sardis, near Izmir, dating from 220 B.C. and traces of other Jewish settlements have been discovered near Bursa, in the southeast and along the Aegean, Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts. A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustus accorded the Jews of Asia Minor.

Jewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest. When the Ottomans captured Bursa in 1324 and made it their capital, they found a Jewish community oppressed under Byzantine rule. The Jews welcomed the Ottomans as saviors. Sultan Orhan gave them permission to build the Etz ha-Hayyim (Tree of Life) synagogue which remained in service until 50 years ago.

Early in the 14th century, when the Ottomans had established their capital at Edirne, Jews from Europe, including Karaites, migrated there.1 Similarly, Jews expelled from Hungary in 1376, from France by Charles VI in September 1394, and from Sicily early in the 15th century found refuge in the Ottoman Empire. In the 1420s, Jews from Salonika then under Venetian control fled to Edirne.2

Ottoman rule was much kinder than Byzantine rule had been. In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration. A letter sent by Rabbi Yitzhak Sarfati (from Edirne) to Jewish communities in Europe in the first part of the century "invited his coreligionists to leave the torments they were enduring in Christiandom and to seek safety and prosperity in Turkey."3

When Mehmet II "the Conqueror" took Constantinople in 1453, he encountered an oppressed Romaniot (Byzantine) Jewish community which welcomed him with enthusiasm. Sultan Mehmet II issued a proclamation to all Jews "... to ascend the site of the Imperial Throne, to dwell in the best of the land, each beneath his Dine and his fig tree, with silver and with gold, with wealth and with cattle...".4

In 1470, Jews expelled from Bavaria by Ludvig X found refuge in the Ottoman Empire.5

A Haven for Sephardic Jewry
Sultan Bayazid II's offer of refuge gave new hope to the persecuted Sephardim. In 1492, the Sultan ordered the governors of the provinces of the Ottoman Empire "not to refuse the Jews entry or cause them difficulties, but to receive them cordially."6 According to Bernard Lewis, "the Jews were not just permitted to settle in the Ottoman lands, but were encouraged, assisted and sometimes even compelled".

Immanual Aboab attributes to Bayazid II the famous remark that "the Catholic monarch Ferdinand was wrongly considered as wise, since he impoverished Spain by the expulsion of the Jews, and enriched Turkey."7

The arrival of the Sephardim altered the structure of the community and the original group of Romaniote Jews was totally absorbed.


Over the centuries an increasing number of European Jews, escaping persecution in their native countries, settled in the Ottoman Empire. In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire.8 In March of 1556, Sultan Suleyman "the Magnificent" wrote a letter to Pope Paul IV asking for the immediate release of the Ancona Marranos, which he declared to be Ottoman citizens. The Pope had no other alternative than to release them, the Ottoman Empire being the "Super Power" of those days.

By 1477, Jewish households in Istanbul numbered 1,647 or 11% of the total. Half a century later, 8,070 Jewish houses were listed in the city.

The Life of Ottoman Jews
For 300 years following the expulsion, the prosperity and creativity of the Ottoman Jews rivaled that of the Golden Age of Spain. Four Turkish cities: Istanbul, Izmir, Safed and Salonica became the centers of Sephardic Jewry.


Most of the court physicians were Jews: Hakim Yakoub, Joseph and Moshe Hamon, Daniel Fonseca, Gabriel Buenauentura to name only very few ones.

One of the most significant innovations that Jews brought to the Ottoman Empire was the printing press. In 1493, only one year after their expulsion from Spain, David & Samuel ibn Nahmias established the first Hebrew printing press in Istanbul .

Ottoman diplomacy was often carried out by Jews. Joseph Nasi, appointed the Duke of Naxos, was the former Portuguese Marrano Joao Miques. Another Portuguese Marrano, Aluaro Mandes, was named Duke of Mytylene in return of his diplomatic services to the Sultan. Salamon ben Nathan Eskenazi arranged the first diplomatic ties with the British Empire. Jewish women such as Dona Gracia Mendes Nasi "La Seniora" and Esther Kyra exercised considerable influence in the Court.

In the free air of the Ottoman Empire, Jewish literature flourished. Joseph Caro compiled the Shulkhan Arukh. Shlomo haLevi Alkabes composed the Lekhah Dodi a hymn which welcomes the Sabbath according to both Sephardic and Ashkenazi ritual. Jacob Culi began to write the famous MeAm Loez. Rabbi Abraham ben Isaac Assa became known as the father of Judeo-Spanish literature.

On October 27, 1840 Sultan Abdulmecid issued his famous ferman concerning the "Blood Libel Accusation" saying: "... and for the love we bear to our subjects, we cannot permit the Jewish nation, whose innocence for the crime alleged against them is evident, to be worried and tormented as a consequence of accusations which have not the least foundation in truth...".

Under Ottoman tradition, each non-Moslem religious community was responsible for its own institutions, including schools. In the early 19th century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864. The same year the Takkanot haKehilla (By-laws of the Jewish Community) was published, defining the structure of the Jewish community.

An important event in the life of Ottoman Jews in the 17th century was the schism led by Shabetai Zvi, the pseudo Messiah who lived in Izmir and later adopted Islam with his followers.

Equality and a New Republic
Efforts at reform of the Ottoman Empire led to the proclamation of the Hatti Humayun in 1856, which made all Ottoman citizens, Moslem and non-Moslem alike, equal under the law. As a result, leadership of the community began to shift away from the religious figure to secular forces.

World War I brought to an end the glory of the Ottoman Empire. In its place rose the young Turkish Republic. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was elected president, the Caliphate was abolished and a secular constitution was adopted.

Recognized in 1923 by the Treaty of Lausanne as a fully independent state within its present-day borders, Turkey accorded minority rights to the three principal non-Moslem religious minorities and permitted them to carry on with their own schools, social institutions and funds. In 1926, on the eve of Turkey's adoption of the Swiss Civil Code, the Jewish Community renounced its minority status on personal rights.

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"Etz ha-Hayim" Synagogue before it burnt in 1941. Visit of late Chief Rabbi Haim Bedjerano. (Ortakoy - Istanbul)

During the tragic days of World War II, Turkey managed to maintain its neutrality. As early as 1933 Ataturk invited numbers of prominent German Jewish professors to flee Nazi Germany and settle in Turkey. Before and during the war years, these scholars contributed a great deal to the development of the Turkish university system.

During World War II, Turkey served as a safe passage for many Jews fleeing the horrors of the Nazism. While the Jewish communities of Greece were wiped out almost completely by Hitler, the Turkish Jews remained secure. Several Turkish diplomats, Ambassadors Behic Erkin and Numan Menemencioglu; Consul Generals Fikret Sefik Ozdoganci, Bedii Arbel, Selahattin Ulkumen; Consuls Namik Kemal Yolga and Necdet Kent, just to name a few, spent all their efforts to save from the Holocaust the Turkish Jews in those countries, and succeeded.9 Mr. Salahattin Ulkumen, Consul General at Rhodes in 1943-1944, has been recognized by the Yad Vashem as a Righteous Gentile ("Hassid Umot ha'Olam") in June 1990. Turkey continues to be a shelter, a haven for all those who have to flee dogmatism, intolerance and persecution.


http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Turkey.html
nobody
Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center
at the Center for Special Studies (C.S.S)

June 14, 2005

Antisemitism in the Turkish Media (Part III): Targeting Turkey's Jewish Citizens

The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)
The following is the third report in a series on the issue of antisemitism in the Turkish media.1This phenomena is directed not only against the Jews in general, it also targets Turkey's Jewish citizens, in the form of multiple attacks on Turkey's Chief Rabbi; insults to and offensive characterization of Turkey's Jews; and accusations of disloyalty, espionage, and treason. The media frequently accuse Turkish Jews of destroying the Ottoman Empire, carrying out the 'genocide' of Armenians, hatching sinister plots against Turkey, establishing a secular 'anti-Islamic' regime in Turkey; also blaming Jews for being rich and influential is often seen.

Publications by the Islamic terrorist organization IBDA-C,2which claimed responsibility for the November 15, 2003 bombings of two Istanbul synagogues, circulate freely in Turkey; dozens of pages in each issue are dedicated to virulently antisemitic literature. 3Books such as Mein Kampf,The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and The International Jew are high on Turkish bestseller lists, and are displayed prominently in the front of bookstores.

The following report also focuses on some of the intellectuals and liberal journalists in Turkey who have spoken out against this wave of antisemitism.

"Judaism is Synonymous With Treason"
Columnist Fahri Guven wrote in the Islamist daily Milli Gazete:4" […] The Ottomans saved the Jews from the hands of Christians, who murdered them along with the Muslims in Endulus [Muslim Spain]. When Russia and Hungary persecuted the Jews, again the Ottomans saved them. The Muslim Turks rescued Jews yet again, from the hands of Hitler, who was himself a hidden Jew […]. From the beginning, the Ottomans showed hospitality, seemingly even by allotting the best homes to the Jews – along the Bosphorus, in Istanbul's most luxurious area.

"And, characteristic of their savage, treacherous [nature], in return they [the Jews] first overthrew Sultan Abdulhamid and destroyed the Ottomans;5[then], like insects, they ate away at the Ottoman [Empire]; and as if this were not enough, they stabbed the Muslim Turkish soldiers in Palestine in the back.

"'Judaism' is synonymous with 'treason' […] They [the Jews] even betrayed God […] When God told them to bow their heads while entering Al-Quds [ Jerusalem], they entered with their heads up. The prophets sent to them, such as Zachariah and Isaiah, were murdered by the Jews […] In fact, no amount of pages or lines would be sufficient to explain the Koranic chapters and our Lord Prophet's [Muhammad's] words that tell us of the betrayals of the Jews. […]"

"Here is the Real Jew!"
Columnist for the ultra-nationalist daily Ortadogu Selcuk Duzgun, in an article titled "Here is the Real Jew," wrote:6 "Salamon [a Jewish name often used in a derogatory way] is on his deathbed. He asks his wife about each member of his family and wants to know if they are present. When the wife assures him that all his loved ones are beside him, he is angered and shouts at them for leaving the shop unattended.

"This is a clear example of what the real Jew is. While we read and laugh at our jokes about the Jews, they [the Jews] are enjoying themselves by fooling the entire world.

"[…] Oh my naive people – you have elevated so many of these [Jews], and you have given an identity to so many [who had none]. You have saved, protected, and fed so many of them!... […] and they have created the [country's] agenda and continued their march to [their] 'Promised Land.' While we were calling them Masons, Sabbateans, Rotarians, etc., they had the privilege of ruling our country. Whatever name we call them, we always are faced with the truth that they are the 'JEWS.'

"[…] We are surrounded. Wherever we look we see traitors. Wherever we turn we see impure, false converts. Whichever stone you turn over, there is a 'JEW' under it. And we keep thinking to ourselves: 'Hitler did not do enough to these Jews.'[…]"

Turkey 's Chief Rabbi Attacked, Reviled By Media
On August 17, 2004, the Islamist daily Anadolu'da Vakit, popularly known as Vakit, published a column by Abdurrahim Karakoc that lauded Hitler for his "foresight" and for "purging the bloodthirsty, swindling Jews" and also praised Osama bin Laden.7

In February 2005, the publication of the daily in Germany was banned by the German government because of its antisemitic incitement and Holocaust denial. The Turkish press reacted with attacks on and smears against the German government, particularly German Interior Minister Otto Schily.

On March 2, 2005, German Ambassador to Ankara, Wolf Ruthart Born, sent a letter to Turkish Press Council President Oktay Eksi, of the centrist, widely circulated daily Hurriyet, who had called Germany's ban on Vakit "the murder of the law." In it, Ambassador Born said that Vakit 's articles were 'inciting and disgusting' and that it would be better for the Turkish Press Council to focus on these inappropriate publications instead of giving legal advice to the German Interior Minister. Since then, the German government has approached Turkish Interior Minister Aksu to protest against Vakit 's ongoing attacks on Germany and its government.

At a May 18, 2005 press conference, German Interior Minister Schily said: "As you know, Anadolu'da Vakit was banned because of its virulent antisemitism. Then it began publishing articles attacking me and, lately, Prime Minister Schroeder. The Turkish government must also concern itself with the Vakit newspaper. […] This paper has depicted me, and also our Prime Minister, as neo-Nazis […] If the Turkish government does not have the necessary laws, they should create them."8

Following the August 17, 2004 publication of Karakoc's article in Vakit, the Turkish Chief Rabbinate sent a letter of complaint to several liberal columnists in Turkish newspapers, prompting a campaign of daily attacks and revilement against Turkish Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva by journalists and politicians who write primarily for Vakit.

The following are only a few sample excerpts from this campaign:

The Chief Rabbi must condemn Israel

On August 26, 2004, the headline of Vakit's lead story read: "The Chief Rabbi who criticizes '[free] thought' is indifferent to Sharon's cruelty. Turkey's Chief Rabbi, who criticized our writer Abdurrahim Karakoc in a letter he sent to some columnists, has never said anything about Israel's massacres that have turned into 'genocide.'"

On August 27, Vakit's headline, and a report by Kenan Kiran in the paper, read: "Still not a sound from the rabbi. Chief Rabbi Haleva, who sent a letter to journalists targeting our writer Karakoc, has not answered our questions for yet another day.

"The Chief Rabbi's letter prompted many reactions […]: "AKP MP from Manisa, Huseyin Tanriverdi, said: '[…] [The Chief Rabbi's] attitude that is disrespectful of free conscience is wrong. […] Those who call themselves 'men,' and especially the faithful, cannot be silent about the savagery in Palestine. Mr. Haleva must condemn Israel's inhuman massacres.

"MP Tanriverdi added: 'In the face of the existing barbarism and massacres, Mr. Karakoc has sought to stop this human tragedy by reminding [us] of historical facts. […] Mr. Karakoc has made very reasonable observations.'

"Chief Rabbi Haleva stated that he would send a written reply to [ Vakit 's] questions. Although two days have passed, the following questions remain unanswered: 'Do you consider Hitler cruel? Do you also consider Sharon cruel, knowing the world media's decision that the massacres he commits are similar to what Hitler did to the Jews? Do you condone the Israeli soldiers' aggression against Palestinian civilians?'"

Rabbi Haleva, if you do not stop Sharon, anti-Jewish voices may turn into anti-Jewish actions!

On August 29, Vakit 's Ilhan Toprak reported: "Turkish Health Workers Union President Mustafa Basoglu criticized Turkey's Chief Rabbi [in a letter he sent to him] for being disturbed at Karakoc's comparing Hitler and Sharon. […] [The letter read:] 'As a religious leader, Izak Haleva must make all the necessary efforts to prevent Sharon's negative attitudes […] If Sharon […] is not stopped, the voices being raised against the Jews […] might turn into actions. To prevent that, the Chief Rabbi must stop Sharon […]'

More Turkish politicians join in: Chief Rabbi must apologize

On August 28, the front page of Vakit read: "[...] Politicians are reacting to Chief Rabbi Haleva: AKP MP from Kahramanmaras and former President of Turkish Writers Association Atilla Maras said it was a crime for Turkey's Chief Rabbi to send letters of complaint to journalists against Abdurrahim Karakoc. MP Maras added: ' Turkey's Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva must condemn Israel and Sharon' […]

"Nurettin Aktas, AKP Member of Parliament from Gaziantep, said that Turkey's Chief Rabbi had no reason to be disturbed by Karakoc's article, 'Israel is perpetrating state terrorism […] The Chief Rabbi […] must warn Sharon and apologize to the Palestinian people. The world condemns Sharon, just like they condemned Hitler.'"

"Chief Rabbi, the Commander"

On August 29, in an article titled "Chief Rabbi, the Commander," Vakit columnist Huseyin Uzmez joined in: "[…] Why is it that one of the [Turkish] authorities does not come forward and say: 'You, [Chief Rabbi,] come here! Haven't you learned when and how to submit a complaint? How dare you cross your limits?'" […]

Chief Rabbi beats the drums!

On August 31, Hasan Karakaya added another article to the attack on Turkey's Chief Rabbi: "[…] It was clear that…the mallet beating these drums [the six journalists to whom Rabbi Haleva wrote] was in the hands of that [person], whatever his name is: Helava [derived from the Turkish word for 'sewage' or 'toilet'] or 'Haleva.'"

Turkish columnist: "Chief Rabbi's synagogues are Zionist bases"

On September 2, 2004, Vakit columnist Nurettin Sirin wrote: "[…] Firstly, the Chief Rabbi who uses his synagogues as Zionist bases must learn that no Jew has the right to teach a lesson on 'human rights' to [us], the children of the Ottomans. These [Jews], who fled Spain's massacres and found shelter thanks to Ottoman tolerance, have carried out nothing but treason and plots on Ottoman territory, and have [always] carried out the ugly designs of Zionism on this [Turkish] land.

"These people [the Jews] […] tried to 'Israelize' the Ottoman [Empire] from within, carrying out their treachery through some Zionist organizations. With the help of Masonic lodges, Lions and Rotary clubs, and political, academic, economic, media, and bureaucratic co-conspirators, they have woven a 'web of Semitism' on this Islamic geography.

"'Semitism' in this country [ Turkey] is the name of 'treason' against Islam and Muslims, and against all our national and moral values. […] Documenting this treachery is as easy as proving the laws of gravity. In face of this truth, the Chief Rabbinate and their allies' cries of 'antisemitism' and their fake claim to innocence are laughable.

"[…] Has he [the Chief Rabbi] ever condemned the genocide by the Jews, that he [dares] to talk of the so-called persecutions of the Jews? […]

"[…] It is these so-called innocent Jews who are responsible for the loss of our Ottoman [Empire], for the trampling of our sanctity, for the hanging of our forefathers, for the humiliation of all our beliefs, and for the ban on our women's covering [as demanded by Islam].

"[…] [Karakoc's] article will be an important contribution to the questioning of [the Jews'] sinister plots, satanic steps, and historic treason in our country. When the masks of these so-called innocent people and groups fall, we will clearly see the monster behind them.

"[…] At this opportunity, I would like to also place my signature under the article titled 'Foresight, Israel Shameless' written by my brother and friend Karakoc, and to express my willingness to be judged [as I stand] right next to him. God bless your pen and your heart, brother Karakoc… […]"

For more examples of the attacks on and revilement of Turkish Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva see Appendix I.

Turkish Columnist Warns: Last Chance for the Jews
Columnist for the mainstream secular liberal daily Aksam, Sakir Suter, wrote:9"In Turkey, there are 'sworn enemies' of the Jews. [But] Jews also have some friends, even if they are not 'sworn [friends]' […] Quite a few people [in Turkey] are pleased by their friendship sorrows and joys.

"Today, however, we are on the verge of saying 'there WERE' [in the with Turkish citizens of Jewish descent. There are some common [shared] historical past].
We will either cross-out this friendship or continue with a 'bad taste.'

"In Turkey, there is a big 'maybe' hanging in the minds of [even] those who [until now] did not see the Jews as 'enemies.'

"They [the Turkish Jews] have an obligation to show us that they are distanced from the terror that resulted in the death of thousands in Turkey [due to terrorism activity by the PKK, a separatist Kurdish organization]... and that the Jews are not 'plotting' against us [the Turks] together with the [Kurdish] elements in Northern Iraq, who definitely cannot be our friends.

"[…] The burden of proof is on […] Tel Aviv to show that they [the Jews] are not playing out any Israeli 'anti-Turkish plots in Northern Iraq,' as reported even by the foreign media. Instead of providing the required proof, making nasty threat-like comments against Turkey is ugly.

"[…] If they [the Jews] claim to be real friends of Turkey, the burden is not on the Turks, who have proven their friendship, but on the Jews, whose 'hostility' we are discussing.

"We, on our part, are offering one last chance before officially and openly declaring that the Jews are our 'enemy.'

"[…][Now] we have reached such a juncture that... millions in Turkey are all too eager to pour out to the streets and cry out: 'Death to Zionism!'... 'You [Jew]! Let us hear you [reply]!' 'You must either prove your innocence… or apologize [immediately] to the Turks, who took you for a 'friend' for over 500 years!"

Jewish Espionage
Columnist Suat Gun wrote in the nationalist daily Once Vatan:10 "Upon the discovery of an Israeli mole in the Pentagon, I remembered the book by the late General Cevat Rifat Atilhan, titled Suzi Liberman, the Jewish Spy…

"Cevat Rifat Atilhan was an officer, much valued by great Ataturk. His units fought in important […] battles [during WWI]. When the Arab-Israel war started in 1948, he joined that front with the 300 volunteers he gathered, and was successful in capturing a Jewish settlement from the enemy.

"Cevat Rifat Atilhan is an unequalled patriot, who informed the Turkish public of the 'Jewish threat.'[…]

"This present day espionage [in the U.S.] is an operation undertaken by the Jews […] who like a cancer virus have spread everywhere, destroying the American governmental system. In reality, the U.S. has been infected with a 'Jewish cancer,' and the Jews will bring about its death, demise, or destruction [whichever term you choose].…"

"Politics are Committing Adultery With Our Honor"
Liberal columnist Ayse Onal, formerly of the secular, Kemalist daily Aksam and who writes now for the Star Gazete, wrote an article protesting the Turkish media's accusation of the Jews for every disaster in the world. She opens with quotes by antisemitic writers:11

"335 children and teachers were murdered in Beslan by the Jews. The barbarism of 9/11 was a Jewish plot. Turkish society and family values are being destroyed by the Jews. It is the Jews who are cutting off heads in Iraq. They [the Jews] are so blinded [with hatred] that in order to conceal the Jewish finger [role] in all of that, they sometimes butcher [their fellow] Jews as well. It was them [the Jews] who bombed their own synagogues. And when their own families died, they shed false tears.

"The Jews are like a punching bag. Hit [them] and hit [them], as much as you can… Punch [them] as much as you want, with no fear, shame, respect or sense of boundaries… In any event, only about 15,000 Jews remain [in Turkey], and they have no voice to be heard.

"The Jews are a convenient, living shield for all immorality, all murders, savagery, and lies… If you place a Jew where there is barbarism or fraud, you have solved the problem…

"And knowing too well what would await them, nobody has the possibility, nor the courage, to ask, 'Where are the human rights and freedoms, values of equality, principles of non-discrimination with regard to religion, race, and ethnicity?' If the honor [of the citizens] is indeed under the protection of the [Turkish] constitution, this means that according to the State, Jews are either not human, or not citizens.[…]

A Nauseating Synagogue in the Land of the Prophets
In the Islamist daily Milli Gazete, Burhan Bozgeyik wrote:12"[…] We went to the city of Şanliurfa to visit friends and relatives. Before entering the city, we went directly to the garden of the revered Hajji Halil's father. We performed our noon prayers there. Our young brothers went all out to show us hospitality. We were in the place where […] Ibrahim Aleyhisselam [Abraham] lived. […]

"After food and conversation, we started thinking about our next stop, Adana. But, since we had come this far, we had to first visit the cave where Halilullah [Abraham] was born […] So we went to the Dergah Mosque, and there we performed our mid-afternoon prayers.

"I have told you all this as an introduction to our real subject: On the way back, our guide said, 'Just take a look here, look at this synagogue.' We looked: it was an impressive building. "This entire area was expropriated; this park is going to be expanded so that the synagogue will be prominent,' he said.13

"When we saw the synagogue, we lost all our joy. It wiped away the vision of the beautiful garden, the magnificent banquet, the mosque, the shrine […] Instead, this frightful building stood in front of our eyes like a ghost. What was a synagogue doing in this 'Land of the Prophets?' […] Where did this 'Jew-love' come from?

"[…] Frankly, we were extremely nauseated when we saw the synagogue. The food we had eaten stuck in our throats like a knot […]"

Respect for Christians and Jews Harms This Country
In another article, Burhan Bozgeyikwrote:14 "Some people in this country are mistaken in how they treat Christians and Jews. Such mistakes are harming not only the perpetrators, but also all the young Muslims of this land, and directly or indirectly, this country.

"Heading the list of these mistakes is the respect and reverence shown to Christians and Jews […] It is a mistake to include them in the protocol of meetings, to let them speak, to applaud them, to quote their words in the newspapers […]. It is not just wrong, it is a frighteningly grave mistake […]

"It is a mistake for so-called professors, writers, thinkers, and famous intellectuals to make 'sympathetic' statements about Christians and Jews. Particularly, to say that 'they too will go to heaven' is an even bigger mistake. […] Christians and Jews, who have rejected our Prophet and refuse to recite 'Mohammed is the Messenger of God' belong forever in Hell.

"In the eyes of God, there is only one religion, and that is Islam […] There is only one book, and that is the Koran. […]

"For so-called 'dignitaries' to present Christianity and Judaism as 'godly religions' is terribly wrong. […]

Let Us Be Wary of Becoming Neo-Nazis
Columnist Mehmet Barlas of the mainstream, large circulation Turkish daily Sabah criticized the antisemitism in the Turkish media:15"[…] Being 'European' implies that all the people and the 'media' accept a [particular] philosophy. Three days ago, the European Council Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published a report on Turkey which included the following criticism of the Turkish media:

"Antisemitic propaganda continues to be published by some Turkish media organs. Identifying the Turkish Jewish Community […] with the policies of the State of Israel is frequent in the Turkish media."

"All those who follow world developments know what this statement means. Publication of materials that incite and generate hatred and hostility against a race or an ethnic group is now considered a 'crime against humanity.' The concept of crime is not only valid for bureaucrats and politicians. For example, Nigerian journalists who engaged in similar practice against their country's minorities were convicted last year by the international court. It is becoming dangerous for the members of the Turkish media to engage in racism as they hide behind the assertion, 'I'm commenting on Middle East politics.'

"Those who make remarks such as 'anyway, he's a Sabbatean, we know his [real] identity' may cause serious harm to their country and their profession and bring serious problems upon themselves.

"Those who aspire to be patriots, nationalists, or Arab sympathizers can [easily] turn into Neo-Nazis.

"[…] We in the media should refrain from using expressions which do not fit the European pattern. This kind of behavior is 'shameful,' even when not 'criminal.' […]

IBDA-C Publication: "The Best Jew is a Dead Jew!"
Aylik is a monthly magazine published in Turkey by the Great East Islamic Raiders Front, IBDA-C, which is the terrorist organization which claimed responsibility for the November 15, 2003 attacks on Istanbul's two main synagogues that killed 26 and wounded dozens. Turkish authorities have stated that this organization has ties to Al-Qa'ida. The April 2005 edition of Aylik includes 18 pages of antisemitic propaganda.

The first article concerning the Jews, titled "The Internal and External Enemy: Yahudi" was written by Salih Izzet Erdis, also known as Salih Mirzabeyoglu, who is the 'architect' or 'commander' of the organization and is presently serving a life term in a Turkish prison. The following are few excerpts from his article:

"[…] The race that bred in evil and treachery, creating the real Jew, and the one that has become a curse to the world, is the Jew…

"[…] The one who blamed the Prophet Jesus [for blasphemy], who came from their own [kind], and whom they sold to the Romans […], that lowly treacherous one, is (Judah), the Jew…

"The one who later distorted the belief of Jesus and made up the lie and the insult that he is the son of God is ( St. Paul) the Jew…

"[…] The ones who, through planning and plotting, brought to Turkey adultery, immorality, and destruction, who built Israel right at the heart of Islam and next to the oil and other natural resources […] as a tiny model of their secret [world] empire…

"Like an octopus hiding its tentacles under its belly, watching [for opportunities] to grab Iraq with one arm, Syria with another arm, and with others Kuwait, Hijaz [Saudi Arabia], Egypt, and Libya; they who need a world tragedy in order to carry out their aims […] In short, those who stir the witches' cauldron to melt all civilizations within it are Jews… It is only the Jew, always the Jew…"

The second article, which was prepared for publication by Unsal Zor, is titled, "Cursed Until Eternity": "The rabbis falsified the Torah [which Muslims believe otherwise would be identical to the Koran]. They concealed the power and greatness of God and presented their own race instead as the ' Chosen' One…

"[…] It is always said that the accusations against the Jews were all 'libels.' None of those [accusations] were 'libels.'

"[…] Their important book the Talmud commands hating all those who are not Jews, and when possible acting by [killing] them. […]

"An important Talmud writer, Maimonides, has said: '[…] It is prohibited to save the life of anyone who is not a Jew […] It is forbidden for a Jewish doctor to heal a non-Jew, even if he is paid to do so – unless not treating the non-Jew would cause a public reaction which might harm the Jews.

" Haham [Rabbi] Sofer has said about the Muslims and Christians in the Ottoman Empire: 'They are believers in other gods; therefore, they must be killed using indirect methods.' […]

"The Talmud says: 'If a Jew finds a lost object and realizes that it belonged to a Jew, he is obligated to return it. But if the owner is not a Jew, then it is imperative not to give it back. […] Dishonesty is acceptable towards a non-Jew. […]

" Yahudi [Jew] the thief![…] These few examples provide a glimpse of the 'Jewish ideology.' […] If the Talmud says all these things, then we say: 'Nobody should shed tears and mucus, or mourn when a Jew dies. The best Jew is a dead Jew!' […]"

The next article in the magazine, "Why Antisemitism?" by Cumali Dalkilic, declares Jews the 'enemy' of the Turks, of Islam, and of the entire world. Jews are alleged to have a 'disgusting nature' and are defined as 'the people eternally cursed by God and His prophets, who are not wanted by anyone and thrown out of every place.'

The article quotes many pages from Hitler's Mein Kampf and shows admiration for Hitler, calling him 'a hero', 'a rare mind' that grasped the ['real'] meaning of the Jew and the Jewish problem, 'a true statesman to whom no other can stand up.' The article, which also includes excerpts from the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion, ends with Holocaust denial, cuts down the number of Jewish victims from millions to 130,000 to 150,000, and called on its readers to read and understand Hitler through his own writings instead of believing the 'historic fraud' of the Jews [that] 'prostitutionalizes' the conscience.

The final three articles on the Jews exhibit the most virulent demonization of the Jews. One ends with expressing satisfaction at the new rise in anti-Jewish sentiment in Turkey and credits IBDA and its leader Salih Mirzabeyoglu with this 'achievement.' The last sentence reads: "This is the 'real' and 'final' place for settling accounts with the Jews."

Another, titled "The Cifit's [filthy Jews']16 Castle" attacks the Donme,17claiming that they are not 'real Muslims' or real 'Turks,' but 'filthy Jews' under cover, and that they are responsible for the present secularism in Turkey, as well as for all the wrongdoings in the world. The article also states that "the only barrier before the filthy Jews is the 'wall of Islam.'"

Appendix I:
List of additional articles attacking Turkey's Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva:

Vakit, August 26, 2004, "Dedicated to the Rabbi." Front page headline.

Vakit, August 27, 2004, "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (1)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 28, 2004, "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (2)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 28, 2004, "Haleva Must Apologize." Headline.

Vakit, August 29, 2004 , "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (3)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 29, 2004, "The Sharons and the [Media] Barons, Shoulder to Shoulder," Hasan Karakaya.

Vakit, August 29, 2004, "Hitler or Sharon [Same Thing]," Ilhan Toprak.

Vakit, August 31, 2004, "Beat the drums!" Hasan Karakaya.

Tercuman,Dunden Bugune, August 31, 2004, "The Tactical Mistake of the Chief Rabbi and his Friends," Serdar Arseven.

Vakit, August 31, 2004, "Has the Human Rights Organization Given up on Freedom of Thought?" Ali Karahasanoglu.

Vakit, September 1, 2004, "Listen to the cries…," Hasan Karakaya.

Vakit, September 9, 2004,"Oppressions of the Oppressor," A. Karakoc.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. See also, MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 900, "Antisemitism in the Turkish Media: Part 1," April 28, 2005, http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=arc...a=sd&ID=SP90005 and MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 904, "Antisemitism in the Turkish Media (Part II) - Turkish Intellectuals Against Antisemitism," May 5, 2005, http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=arc...a=sd&ID=SP90405.
2. The Great East Islamic Raiders Front (IBDA-C) was established in the mid-1970's by a faction of the youth group of former Turkish prime minister Erbakan's MSP (National Salvation Party), which was outlawed during the 1980 military intervention.
3. The names and phone numbers of the publication's editorial staff appear on the first page.
4. Milli Gazete, February 4, 2005. This daily is affiliated with former PM Erbakan's Islamic movement Milli Gorus, from which current Turkish PM Erdogan and his AK (Justice and Development) Party emerged. On December 28, 2002, columnist Y. Bayer of the mainstream, high circulation Turkish daily Hurriyet wrote: "Did you know that: In 1974, when [Turkish Prime Minister] Tayyip Erdogan was president of the Beyoglu [Istanbul] Youth Group of the [Islamist] MSP [National Salvation Party], he wrote and directed a theatrical play called Maskomya and also played the lead role of the 'bad son?' And that the role of Erdogan's grandmother was performed by a girl from a CHP [the secular, Kemalist Republican People's Party] family, and that the play was staged 10 times despite the complaints of a board member to Erbakan?"

The historian/researcher Rifat N. Bali also commented on Erdogan's play: "Maskomya, or in its correct form Mas-kom-Ya, was a theatrical play that was staged everywhere in the 1970s, as part of the 'cultural' activities of MSP Youth Branches. The unabbreviated version of Mas-kom-Ya is Mason-Komunist-Yahudi [Mason-Communist-Jew]. It is known that the play was built on the 'evil' nature of these three concepts, and the hatred towards them."

5. Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II (1842-1918) was dethroned in 1909 by the Young Turks revolution.
6. Ortadogu, February 13, 2005. Ortadogu is a ultra-nationalist Turkish daily close to MHP (Nationalist Movement Party), a coalition partner in former governments.
7. For more on this article, see MEMRI Special Dispatch Series No. 900 (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP90005).
8. Sabah , May 18, 2005.
9. Aksam, June 24, 2004.
10.Once Vatan, December 23, 2004.
11. Aksam, September 12, 2004.
12. Milli Gazete, May 9, 2005.
13. The synagogue is part of an inter-faith project which also includes a mosque and a church, which is being developed in Southeast Turkey to demonstrate tolerance and pluralism in Turkey's history.
14. Milli Gazete, April 13, 2005.
15. Sabah , February 17, 2005.
16. The word 'Jew' in Turkish is Yahudi, and is derogatory. Cifit [pronounced "chee-fut"] means "filthy Jew."
17. The Dönme [Sabbateans] are descendants of the Jewish followers of the self-proclaimed messiah Sabbetai Sevi (1626-1676), who in 1666 was forced by the Sultan to convert to Islam. They consider themselves Muslims and are officially recognized as such. Dönme is the Turkish word for 'convert,' but also carries overtones of 'turncoat.'
nobody
Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center
at the Center for Special Studies (C.S.S)

June 14, 2005

Antisemitism in the Turkish Media (Part III): Targeting Turkey's Jewish Citizens

The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)
The following is the third report in a series on the issue of antisemitism in the Turkish media.1This phenomena is directed not only against the Jews in general, it also targets Turkey's Jewish citizens, in the form of multiple attacks on Turkey's Chief Rabbi; insults to and offensive characterization of Turkey's Jews; and accusations of disloyalty, espionage, and treason. The media frequently accuse Turkish Jews of destroying the Ottoman Empire, carrying out the 'genocide' of Armenians, hatching sinister plots against Turkey, establishing a secular 'anti-Islamic' regime in Turkey; also blaming Jews for being rich and influential is often seen.

Publications by the Islamic terrorist organization IBDA-C,2which claimed responsibility for the November 15, 2003 bombings of two Istanbul synagogues, circulate freely in Turkey; dozens of pages in each issue are dedicated to virulently antisemitic literature. 3Books such as Mein Kampf,The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and The International Jew are high on Turkish bestseller lists, and are displayed prominently in the front of bookstores.

The following report also focuses on some of the intellectuals and liberal journalists in Turkey who have spoken out against this wave of antisemitism.

"Judaism is Synonymous With Treason"
Columnist Fahri Guven wrote in the Islamist daily Milli Gazete:4" […] The Ottomans saved the Jews from the hands of Christians, who murdered them along with the Muslims in Endulus [Muslim Spain]. When Russia and Hungary persecuted the Jews, again the Ottomans saved them. The Muslim Turks rescued Jews yet again, from the hands of Hitler, who was himself a hidden Jew […]. From the beginning, the Ottomans showed hospitality, seemingly even by allotting the best homes to the Jews – along the Bosphorus, in Istanbul's most luxurious area.

"And, characteristic of their savage, treacherous [nature], in return they [the Jews] first overthrew Sultan Abdulhamid and destroyed the Ottomans;5[then], like insects, they ate away at the Ottoman [Empire]; and as if this were not enough, they stabbed the Muslim Turkish soldiers in Palestine in the back.

"'Judaism' is synonymous with 'treason' […] They [the Jews] even betrayed God […] When God told them to bow their heads while entering Al-Quds [ Jerusalem], they entered with their heads up. The prophets sent to them, such as Zachariah and Isaiah, were murdered by the Jews […] In fact, no amount of pages or lines would be sufficient to explain the Koranic chapters and our Lord Prophet's [Muhammad's] words that tell us of the betrayals of the Jews. […]"

"Here is the Real Jew!"
Columnist for the ultra-nationalist daily Ortadogu Selcuk Duzgun, in an article titled "Here is the Real Jew," wrote:6 "Salamon [a Jewish name often used in a derogatory way] is on his deathbed. He asks his wife about each member of his family and wants to know if they are present. When the wife assures him that all his loved ones are beside him, he is angered and shouts at them for leaving the shop unattended.

"This is a clear example of what the real Jew is. While we read and laugh at our jokes about the Jews, they [the Jews] are enjoying themselves by fooling the entire world.

"[…] Oh my naive people – you have elevated so many of these [Jews], and you have given an identity to so many [who had none]. You have saved, protected, and fed so many of them!... […] and they have created the [country's] agenda and continued their march to [their] 'Promised Land.' While we were calling them Masons, Sabbateans, Rotarians, etc., they had the privilege of ruling our country. Whatever name we call them, we always are faced with the truth that they are the 'JEWS.'

"[…] We are surrounded. Wherever we look we see traitors. Wherever we turn we see impure, false converts. Whichever stone you turn over, there is a 'JEW' under it. And we keep thinking to ourselves: 'Hitler did not do enough to these Jews.'[…]"

Turkey 's Chief Rabbi Attacked, Reviled By Media
On August 17, 2004, the Islamist daily Anadolu'da Vakit, popularly known as Vakit, published a column by Abdurrahim Karakoc that lauded Hitler for his "foresight" and for "purging the bloodthirsty, swindling Jews" and also praised Osama bin Laden.7

In February 2005, the publication of the daily in Germany was banned by the German government because of its antisemitic incitement and Holocaust denial. The Turkish press reacted with attacks on and smears against the German government, particularly German Interior Minister Otto Schily.

On March 2, 2005, German Ambassador to Ankara, Wolf Ruthart Born, sent a letter to Turkish Press Council President Oktay Eksi, of the centrist, widely circulated daily Hurriyet, who had called Germany's ban on Vakit "the murder of the law." In it, Ambassador Born said that Vakit 's articles were 'inciting and disgusting' and that it would be better for the Turkish Press Council to focus on these inappropriate publications instead of giving legal advice to the German Interior Minister. Since then, the German government has approached Turkish Interior Minister Aksu to protest against Vakit 's ongoing attacks on Germany and its government.

At a May 18, 2005 press conference, German Interior Minister Schily said: "As you know, Anadolu'da Vakit was banned because of its virulent antisemitism. Then it began publishing articles attacking me and, lately, Prime Minister Schroeder. The Turkish government must also concern itself with the Vakit newspaper. […] This paper has depicted me, and also our Prime Minister, as neo-Nazis […] If the Turkish government does not have the necessary laws, they should create them."8

Following the August 17, 2004 publication of Karakoc's article in Vakit, the Turkish Chief Rabbinate sent a letter of complaint to several liberal columnists in Turkish newspapers, prompting a campaign of daily attacks and revilement against Turkish Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva by journalists and politicians who write primarily for Vakit.

The following are only a few sample excerpts from this campaign:

The Chief Rabbi must condemn Israel

On August 26, 2004, the headline of Vakit's lead story read: "The Chief Rabbi who criticizes '[free] thought' is indifferent to Sharon's cruelty. Turkey's Chief Rabbi, who criticized our writer Abdurrahim Karakoc in a letter he sent to some columnists, has never said anything about Israel's massacres that have turned into 'genocide.'"

On August 27, Vakit's headline, and a report by Kenan Kiran in the paper, read: "Still not a sound from the rabbi. Chief Rabbi Haleva, who sent a letter to journalists targeting our writer Karakoc, has not answered our questions for yet another day.

"The Chief Rabbi's letter prompted many reactions […]: "AKP MP from Manisa, Huseyin Tanriverdi, said: '[…] [The Chief Rabbi's] attitude that is disrespectful of free conscience is wrong. […] Those who call themselves 'men,' and especially the faithful, cannot be silent about the savagery in Palestine. Mr. Haleva must condemn Israel's inhuman massacres.

"MP Tanriverdi added: 'In the face of the existing barbarism and massacres, Mr. Karakoc has sought to stop this human tragedy by reminding [us] of historical facts. […] Mr. Karakoc has made very reasonable observations.'

"Chief Rabbi Haleva stated that he would send a written reply to [ Vakit 's] questions. Although two days have passed, the following questions remain unanswered: 'Do you consider Hitler cruel? Do you also consider Sharon cruel, knowing the world media's decision that the massacres he commits are similar to what Hitler did to the Jews? Do you condone the Israeli soldiers' aggression against Palestinian civilians?'"

Rabbi Haleva, if you do not stop Sharon, anti-Jewish voices may turn into anti-Jewish actions!

On August 29, Vakit 's Ilhan Toprak reported: "Turkish Health Workers Union President Mustafa Basoglu criticized Turkey's Chief Rabbi [in a letter he sent to him] for being disturbed at Karakoc's comparing Hitler and Sharon. […] [The letter read:] 'As a religious leader, Izak Haleva must make all the necessary efforts to prevent Sharon's negative attitudes […] If Sharon […] is not stopped, the voices being raised against the Jews […] might turn into actions. To prevent that, the Chief Rabbi must stop Sharon […]'

More Turkish politicians join in: Chief Rabbi must apologize

On August 28, the front page of Vakit read: "[...] Politicians are reacting to Chief Rabbi Haleva: AKP MP from Kahramanmaras and former President of Turkish Writers Association Atilla Maras said it was a crime for Turkey's Chief Rabbi to send letters of complaint to journalists against Abdurrahim Karakoc. MP Maras added: ' Turkey's Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva must condemn Israel and Sharon' […]

"Nurettin Aktas, AKP Member of Parliament from Gaziantep, said that Turkey's Chief Rabbi had no reason to be disturbed by Karakoc's article, 'Israel is perpetrating state terrorism […] The Chief Rabbi […] must warn Sharon and apologize to the Palestinian people. The world condemns Sharon, just like they condemned Hitler.'"

"Chief Rabbi, the Commander"

On August 29, in an article titled "Chief Rabbi, the Commander," Vakit columnist Huseyin Uzmez joined in: "[…] Why is it that one of the [Turkish] authorities does not come forward and say: 'You, [Chief Rabbi,] come here! Haven't you learned when and how to submit a complaint? How dare you cross your limits?'" […]

Chief Rabbi beats the drums!

On August 31, Hasan Karakaya added another article to the attack on Turkey's Chief Rabbi: "[…] It was clear that…the mallet beating these drums [the six journalists to whom Rabbi Haleva wrote] was in the hands of that [person], whatever his name is: Helava [derived from the Turkish word for 'sewage' or 'toilet'] or 'Haleva.'"

Turkish columnist: "Chief Rabbi's synagogues are Zionist bases"

On September 2, 2004, Vakit columnist Nurettin Sirin wrote: "[…] Firstly, the Chief Rabbi who uses his synagogues as Zionist bases must learn that no Jew has the right to teach a lesson on 'human rights' to [us], the children of the Ottomans. These [Jews], who fled Spain's massacres and found shelter thanks to Ottoman tolerance, have carried out nothing but treason and plots on Ottoman territory, and have [always] carried out the ugly designs of Zionism on this [Turkish] land.

"These people [the Jews] […] tried to 'Israelize' the Ottoman [Empire] from within, carrying out their treachery through some Zionist organizations. With the help of Masonic lodges, Lions and Rotary clubs, and political, academic, economic, media, and bureaucratic co-conspirators, they have woven a 'web of Semitism' on this Islamic geography.

"'Semitism' in this country [ Turkey] is the name of 'treason' against Islam and Muslims, and against all our national and moral values. […] Documenting this treachery is as easy as proving the laws of gravity. In face of this truth, the Chief Rabbinate and their allies' cries of 'antisemitism' and their fake claim to innocence are laughable.

"[…] Has he [the Chief Rabbi] ever condemned the genocide by the Jews, that he [dares] to talk of the so-called persecutions of the Jews? […]

"[…] It is these so-called innocent Jews who are responsible for the loss of our Ottoman [Empire], for the trampling of our sanctity, for the hanging of our forefathers, for the humiliation of all our beliefs, and for the ban on our women's covering [as demanded by Islam].

"[…] [Karakoc's] article will be an important contribution to the questioning of [the Jews'] sinister plots, satanic steps, and historic treason in our country. When the masks of these so-called innocent people and groups fall, we will clearly see the monster behind them.

"[…] At this opportunity, I would like to also place my signature under the article titled 'Foresight, Israel Shameless' written by my brother and friend Karakoc, and to express my willingness to be judged [as I stand] right next to him. God bless your pen and your heart, brother Karakoc… […]"

For more examples of the attacks on and revilement of Turkish Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva see Appendix I.

Turkish Columnist Warns: Last Chance for the Jews
Columnist for the mainstream secular liberal daily Aksam, Sakir Suter, wrote:9"In Turkey, there are 'sworn enemies' of the Jews. [But] Jews also have some friends, even if they are not 'sworn [friends]' […] Quite a few people [in Turkey] are pleased by their friendship sorrows and joys.

"Today, however, we are on the verge of saying 'there WERE' [in the with Turkish citizens of Jewish descent. There are some common [shared] historical past].
We will either cross-out this friendship or continue with a 'bad taste.'

"In Turkey, there is a big 'maybe' hanging in the minds of [even] those who [until now] did not see the Jews as 'enemies.'

"They [the Turkish Jews] have an obligation to show us that they are distanced from the terror that resulted in the death of thousands in Turkey [due to terrorism activity by the PKK, a separatist Kurdish organization]... and that the Jews are not 'plotting' against us [the Turks] together with the [Kurdish] elements in Northern Iraq, who definitely cannot be our friends.

"[…] The burden of proof is on […] Tel Aviv to show that they [the Jews] are not playing out any Israeli 'anti-Turkish plots in Northern Iraq,' as reported even by the foreign media. Instead of providing the required proof, making nasty threat-like comments against Turkey is ugly.

"[…] If they [the Jews] claim to be real friends of Turkey, the burden is not on the Turks, who have proven their friendship, but on the Jews, whose 'hostility' we are discussing.

"We, on our part, are offering one last chance before officially and openly declaring that the Jews are our 'enemy.'

"[…][Now] we have reached such a juncture that... millions in Turkey are all too eager to pour out to the streets and cry out: 'Death to Zionism!'... 'You [Jew]! Let us hear you [reply]!' 'You must either prove your innocence… or apologize [immediately] to the Turks, who took you for a 'friend' for over 500 years!"

Jewish Espionage
Columnist Suat Gun wrote in the nationalist daily Once Vatan:10 "Upon the discovery of an Israeli mole in the Pentagon, I remembered the book by the late General Cevat Rifat Atilhan, titled Suzi Liberman, the Jewish Spy…

"Cevat Rifat Atilhan was an officer, much valued by great Ataturk. His units fought in important […] battles [during WWI]. When the Arab-Israel war started in 1948, he joined that front with the 300 volunteers he gathered, and was successful in capturing a Jewish settlement from the enemy.

"Cevat Rifat Atilhan is an unequalled patriot, who informed the Turkish public of the 'Jewish threat.'[…]

"This present day espionage [in the U.S.] is an operation undertaken by the Jews […] who like a cancer virus have spread everywhere, destroying the American governmental system. In reality, the U.S. has been infected with a 'Jewish cancer,' and the Jews will bring about its death, demise, or destruction [whichever term you choose].…"

"Politics are Committing Adultery With Our Honor"
Liberal columnist Ayse Onal, formerly of the secular, Kemalist daily Aksam and who writes now for the Star Gazete, wrote an article protesting the Turkish media's accusation of the Jews for every disaster in the world. She opens with quotes by antisemitic writers:11

"335 children and teachers were murdered in Beslan by the Jews. The barbarism of 9/11 was a Jewish plot. Turkish society and family values are being destroyed by the Jews. It is the Jews who are cutting off heads in Iraq. They [the Jews] are so blinded [with hatred] that in order to conceal the Jewish finger [role] in all of that, they sometimes butcher [their fellow] Jews as well. It was them [the Jews] who bombed their own synagogues. And when their own families died, they shed false tears.

"The Jews are like a punching bag. Hit [them] and hit [them], as much as you can… Punch [them] as much as you want, with no fear, shame, respect or sense of boundaries… In any event, only about 15,000 Jews remain [in Turkey], and they have no voice to be heard.

"The Jews are a convenient, living shield for all immorality, all murders, savagery, and lies… If you place a Jew where there is barbarism or fraud, you have solved the problem…

"And knowing too well what would await them, nobody has the possibility, nor the courage, to ask, 'Where are the human rights and freedoms, values of equality, principles of non-discrimination with regard to religion, race, and ethnicity?' If the honor [of the citizens] is indeed under the protection of the [Turkish] constitution, this means that according to the State, Jews are either not human, or not citizens.[…]

A Nauseating Synagogue in the Land of the Prophets
In the Islamist daily Milli Gazete, Burhan Bozgeyik wrote:12"[…] We went to the city of Şanliurfa to visit friends and relatives. Before entering the city, we went directly to the garden of the revered Hajji Halil's father. We performed our noon prayers there. Our young brothers went all out to show us hospitality. We were in the place where […] Ibrahim Aleyhisselam [Abraham] lived. […]

"After food and conversation, we started thinking about our next stop, Adana. But, since we had come this far, we had to first visit the cave where Halilullah [Abraham] was born […] So we went to the Dergah Mosque, and there we performed our mid-afternoon prayers.

"I have told you all this as an introduction to our real subject: On the way back, our guide said, 'Just take a look here, look at this synagogue.' We looked: it was an impressive building. "This entire area was expropriated; this park is going to be expanded so that the synagogue will be prominent,' he said.13

"When we saw the synagogue, we lost all our joy. It wiped away the vision of the beautiful garden, the magnificent banquet, the mosque, the shrine […] Instead, this frightful building stood in front of our eyes like a ghost. What was a synagogue doing in this 'Land of the Prophets?' […] Where did this 'Jew-love' come from?

"[…] Frankly, we were extremely nauseated when we saw the synagogue. The food we had eaten stuck in our throats like a knot […]"

Respect for Christians and Jews Harms This Country
In another article, Burhan Bozgeyikwrote:14 "Some people in this country are mistaken in how they treat Christians and Jews. Such mistakes are harming not only the perpetrators, but also all the young Muslims of this land, and directly or indirectly, this country.

"Heading the list of these mistakes is the respect and reverence shown to Christians and Jews […] It is a mistake to include them in the protocol of meetings, to let them speak, to applaud them, to quote their words in the newspapers […]. It is not just wrong, it is a frighteningly grave mistake […]

"It is a mistake for so-called professors, writers, thinkers, and famous intellectuals to make 'sympathetic' statements about Christians and Jews. Particularly, to say that 'they too will go to heaven' is an even bigger mistake. […] Christians and Jews, who have rejected our Prophet and refuse to recite 'Mohammed is the Messenger of God' belong forever in Hell.

"In the eyes of God, there is only one religion, and that is Islam […] There is only one book, and that is the Koran. […]

"For so-called 'dignitaries' to present Christianity and Judaism as 'godly religions' is terribly wrong. […]

Let Us Be Wary of Becoming Neo-Nazis
Columnist Mehmet Barlas of the mainstream, large circulation Turkish daily Sabah criticized the antisemitism in the Turkish media:15"[…] Being 'European' implies that all the people and the 'media' accept a [particular] philosophy. Three days ago, the European Council Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published a report on Turkey which included the following criticism of the Turkish media:

"Antisemitic propaganda continues to be published by some Turkish media organs. Identifying the Turkish Jewish Community […] with the policies of the State of Israel is frequent in the Turkish media."

"All those who follow world developments know what this statement means. Publication of materials that incite and generate hatred and hostility against a race or an ethnic group is now considered a 'crime against humanity.' The concept of crime is not only valid for bureaucrats and politicians. For example, Nigerian journalists who engaged in similar practice against their country's minorities were convicted last year by the international court. It is becoming dangerous for the members of the Turkish media to engage in racism as they hide behind the assertion, 'I'm commenting on Middle East politics.'

"Those who make remarks such as 'anyway, he's a Sabbatean, we know his [real] identity' may cause serious harm to their country and their profession and bring serious problems upon themselves.

"Those who aspire to be patriots, nationalists, or Arab sympathizers can [easily] turn into Neo-Nazis.

"[…] We in the media should refrain from using expressions which do not fit the European pattern. This kind of behavior is 'shameful,' even when not 'criminal.' […]

IBDA-C Publication: "The Best Jew is a Dead Jew!"
Aylik is a monthly magazine published in Turkey by the Great East Islamic Raiders Front, IBDA-C, which is the terrorist organization which claimed responsibility for the November 15, 2003 attacks on Istanbul's two main synagogues that killed 26 and wounded dozens. Turkish authorities have stated that this organization has ties to Al-Qa'ida. The April 2005 edition of Aylik includes 18 pages of antisemitic propaganda.

The first article concerning the Jews, titled "The Internal and External Enemy: Yahudi" was written by Salih Izzet Erdis, also known as Salih Mirzabeyoglu, who is the 'architect' or 'commander' of the organization and is presently serving a life term in a Turkish prison. The following are few excerpts from his article:

"[…] The race that bred in evil and treachery, creating the real Jew, and the one that has become a curse to the world, is the Jew…

"[…] The one who blamed the Prophet Jesus [for blasphemy], who came from their own [kind], and whom they sold to the Romans […], that lowly treacherous one, is (Judah), the Jew…

"The one who later distorted the belief of Jesus and made up the lie and the insult that he is the son of God is ( St. Paul) the Jew…

"[…] The ones who, through planning and plotting, brought to Turkey adultery, immorality, and destruction, who built Israel right at the heart of Islam and next to the oil and other natural resources […] as a tiny model of their secret [world] empire…

"Like an octopus hiding its tentacles under its belly, watching [for opportunities] to grab Iraq with one arm, Syria with another arm, and with others Kuwait, Hijaz [Saudi Arabia], Egypt, and Libya; they who need a world tragedy in order to carry out their aims […] In short, those who stir the witches' cauldron to melt all civilizations within it are Jews… It is only the Jew, always the Jew…"

The second article, which was prepared for publication by Unsal Zor, is titled, "Cursed Until Eternity": "The rabbis falsified the Torah [which Muslims believe otherwise would be identical to the Koran]. They concealed the power and greatness of God and presented their own race instead as the ' Chosen' One…

"[…] It is always said that the accusations against the Jews were all 'libels.' None of those [accusations] were 'libels.'

"[…] Their important book the Talmud commands hating all those who are not Jews, and when possible acting by [killing] them. […]

"An important Talmud writer, Maimonides, has said: '[…] It is prohibited to save the life of anyone who is not a Jew […] It is forbidden for a Jewish doctor to heal a non-Jew, even if he is paid to do so – unless not treating the non-Jew would cause a public reaction which might harm the Jews.

" Haham [Rabbi] Sofer has said about the Muslims and Christians in the Ottoman Empire: 'They are believers in other gods; therefore, they must be killed using indirect methods.' […]

"The Talmud says: 'If a Jew finds a lost object and realizes that it belonged to a Jew, he is obligated to return it. But if the owner is not a Jew, then it is imperative not to give it back. […] Dishonesty is acceptable towards a non-Jew. […]

" Yahudi [Jew] the thief![…] These few examples provide a glimpse of the 'Jewish ideology.' […] If the Talmud says all these things, then we say: 'Nobody should shed tears and mucus, or mourn when a Jew dies. The best Jew is a dead Jew!' […]"

The next article in the magazine, "Why Antisemitism?" by Cumali Dalkilic, declares Jews the 'enemy' of the Turks, of Islam, and of the entire world. Jews are alleged to have a 'disgusting nature' and are defined as 'the people eternally cursed by God and His prophets, who are not wanted by anyone and thrown out of every place.'

The article quotes many pages from Hitler's Mein Kampf and shows admiration for Hitler, calling him 'a hero', 'a rare mind' that grasped the ['real'] meaning of the Jew and the Jewish problem, 'a true statesman to whom no other can stand up.' The article, which also includes excerpts from the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion, ends with Holocaust denial, cuts down the number of Jewish victims from millions to 130,000 to 150,000, and called on its readers to read and understand Hitler through his own writings instead of believing the 'historic fraud' of the Jews [that] 'prostitutionalizes' the conscience.

The final three articles on the Jews exhibit the most virulent demonization of the Jews. One ends with expressing satisfaction at the new rise in anti-Jewish sentiment in Turkey and credits IBDA and its leader Salih Mirzabeyoglu with this 'achievement.' The last sentence reads: "This is the 'real' and 'final' place for settling accounts with the Jews."

Another, titled "The Cifit's [filthy Jews']16 Castle" attacks the Donme,17claiming that they are not 'real Muslims' or real 'Turks,' but 'filthy Jews' under cover, and that they are responsible for the present secularism in Turkey, as well as for all the wrongdoings in the world. The article also states that "the only barrier before the filthy Jews is the 'wall of Islam.'"

Appendix I:
List of additional articles attacking Turkey's Chief Rabbi Izak Haleva:

Vakit, August 26, 2004, "Dedicated to the Rabbi." Front page headline.

Vakit, August 27, 2004, "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (1)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 28, 2004, "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (2)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 28, 2004, "Haleva Must Apologize." Headline.

Vakit, August 29, 2004 , "Chief Rabbi's Musketeers (3)," A. Karakoc.

Vakit, August 29, 2004, "The Sharons and the [Media] Barons, Shoulder to Shoulder," Hasan Karakaya.

Vakit, August 29, 2004, "Hitler or Sharon [Same Thing]," Ilhan Toprak.

Vakit, August 31, 2004, "Beat the drums!" Hasan Karakaya.

Tercuman,Dunden Bugune, August 31, 2004, "The Tactical Mistake of the Chief Rabbi and his Friends," Serdar Arseven.

Vakit, August 31, 2004, "Has the Human Rights Organization Given up on Freedom of Thought?" Ali Karahasanoglu.

Vakit, September 1, 2004, "Listen to the cries…," Hasan Karakaya.

Vakit, September 9, 2004,"Oppressions of the Oppressor," A. Karakoc.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. See also, MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 900, "Antisemitism in the Turkish Media: Part 1," April 28, 2005, http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=arc...a=sd&ID=SP90005 and MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 904, "Antisemitism in the Turkish Media (Part II) - Turkish Intellectuals Against Antisemitism," May 5, 2005, http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=arc...a=sd&ID=SP90405.
2. The Great East Islamic Raiders Front (IBDA-C) was established in the mid-1970's by a faction of the youth group of former Turkish prime minister Erbakan's MSP (National Salvation Party), which was outlawed during the 1980 military intervention.
3. The names and phone numbers of the publication's editorial staff appear on the first page.
4. Milli Gazete, February 4, 2005. This daily is affiliated with former PM Erbakan's Islamic movement Milli Gorus, from which current Turkish PM Erdogan and his AK (Justice and Development) Party emerged. On December 28, 2002, columnist Y. Bayer of the mainstream, high circulation Turkish daily Hurriyet wrote: "Did you know that: In 1974, when [Turkish Prime Minister] Tayyip Erdogan was president of the Beyoglu [Istanbul] Youth Group of the [Islamist] MSP [National Salvation Party], he wrote and directed a theatrical play called Maskomya and also played the lead role of the 'bad son?' And that the role of Erdogan's grandmother was performed by a girl from a CHP [the secular, Kemalist Republican People's Party] family, and that the play was staged 10 times despite the complaints of a board member to Erbakan?"

The historian/researcher Rifat N. Bali also commented on Erdogan's play: "Maskomya, or in its correct form Mas-kom-Ya, was a theatrical play that was staged everywhere in the 1970s, as part of the 'cultural' activities of MSP Youth Branches. The unabbreviated version of Mas-kom-Ya is Mason-Komunist-Yahudi [Mason-Communist-Jew]. It is known that the play was built on the 'evil' nature of these three concepts, and the hatred towards them."

5. Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II (1842-1918) was dethroned in 1909 by the Young Turks revolution.
6. Ortadogu, February 13, 2005. Ortadogu is a ultra-nationalist Turkish daily close to MHP (Nationalist Movement Party), a coalition partner in former governments.
7. For more on this article, see MEMRI Special Dispatch Series No. 900 (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP90005).
8. Sabah , May 18, 2005.
9. Aksam, June 24, 2004.
10.Once Vatan, December 23, 2004.
11. Aksam, September 12, 2004.
12. Milli Gazete, May 9, 2005.
13. The synagogue is part of an inter-faith project which also includes a mosque and a church, which is being developed in Southeast Turkey to demonstrate tolerance and pluralism in Turkey's history.
14. Milli Gazete, April 13, 2005.
15. Sabah , February 17, 2005.
16. The word 'Jew' in Turkish is Yahudi, and is derogatory. Cifit [pronounced "chee-fut"] means "filthy Jew."
17. The Dönme [Sabbateans] are descendants of the Jewish followers of the self-proclaimed messiah Sabbetai Sevi (1626-1676), who in 1666 was forced by the Sultan to convert to Islam. They consider themselves Muslims and are officially recognized as such. Dönme is the Turkish word for 'convert,' but also carries overtones of 'turncoat.'

source
nobody
Special Dispatch Series - No. 900
April 28, 2005 No.900

Antisemitism in the Turkish Media: Part 1
The rising antisemitism in the Turkish media is a complex phenomenon that manifests itself in several forms:

1. Animosity towards Jews, Judaism and 'Jewish lobbies.' Jews are targeted as individuals, a community, people and "race," and as a sinister political entity seeking Jewish dominance on world affairs, businesses and media. Jews are demonized in many conspiracy theories including causing earthquakes, globalization, and the creation of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia.

2. A hostile approach towards the Jewish citizens of Turkey, questioning their loyalty; blaming them of treason and for the fall of the Ottoman Empire; characterizing them with derogatory adjectives; inciting the public by citing Koran verses hostile to them; and creating an atmosphere conducive to violence. [1] This type of antisemitism also targets Masonic lodges and freemasons for their alleged connections with Judaism.

3. Antisemitism that in recent years has turned into a harsh campaign, which some Turkish intellectuals have called "a witch hunt" against the 'Dönme' [2] who are regarded as 'hidden Jews' posing as Muslims. They are blamed for helping to found the modern Republic of Turkey as a 'spare' Jewish state, for holding all key positions' in Turkey and for ruling the country.

4. Antisemitism directed at Israel and Zionism. The word 'Zionists' often replaces the word 'Jews' in the press.

This is the first part in a series of reports which will be released in the coming weeks. The following are excerpts from articles in the Turkish press dealing with antisemitism (the format of the text appears as in the original):


"The Disgusting Form of Racism Called Antisemitism, is Fast Growing and Causing the Increased Interest in 'Mein Kampf'"

In an article titled 'Mein Kampf and the Protocols of Zion', Ayse Hür wrote in the left of center, liberal daily Radikal: [3]

"Recently there are two interesting books in the 'bestseller' lists: Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf and the Protocols of Zion. Mein Kampf which is the 'handbook' for the ultra- nationalists of Turkey was translated [into Turkish] and published about 45 times between the years of 1940 and 2005. […] the Protocols of Zion, which inspired Mein Kampf, was published in full or in summarized form over 100 times during 1943-2004. Mein Kampf which is thought to sell about 1,000 copies a year, is now being marketed by 11 publishers.

"[…] Sami Celik, the owner of Emre Publications, who recently printed 31,000 copies told Aksam newspaper on February 27, 2005: 'Following our research and observations, we thought that Mein Kampf would be a book that would be sought after and read by the public. […] Mein Kampf was [indeed] affected by [recent] developments and its sale figures peaked.' [4] As a matter of fact it has become a sort of handbook for the [electorate] base of MHP [the ultra-nationalist 'National Movement Party'] and 'Genc Parti' [the Youth Party]. Some claim that it is very popular among the students at police academies.

"In the same newspaper [Aksam] we read sociologist Prof. Mustafa Erkal who said: 'Reading Hitler is a reaction. Israel's policies and goals cause a reaction. Naturally, people get curious about Hitler's antisemitism and want to learn more about what he did and wanted to do.' What our academician failed to say is the fact that in Turkey, as in the rest of the world, animosity toward the Jews, that disgusting form of racism called antisemitism, is fast growing and causing the increased interest for Mein Kampf. We know that publishing this book in Europe is banned; and in Germany even its possession is a crime. […]

"Having 'Mein Kampf' and the 'Protocols' on our bestseller list today, must make us think twice before we claim 'there is no antisemitism here.'"

"It is the Jews Who Should Read Mein Kampf"

Columnist Arslan Tekin of the nationalist-Islamic daily Yenicağ, wrote in an article titled 'Yes, Mein Kampf should be taught in schools:' "Everybody should read it, and should learn the reasons why Hitler came about." [5]

11 days later, Tekin wrote in his column in Yenicağ: [6] "Can a Hitler rise in America? It can happen… What was [true] for Germany before Hitler came to power is [now] exceedingly true for America. Big banks, big TV organs, big newspapers, all the tools that can trap the public opinion are in the hands of the Jews… Politics is run by them too.

"What is the proportion of the Jewish [population] in America of 200 million [sic]. Must not even be two percent. They have an image beyond what their numbers merit. I am sorry for the Jews… How come they do not think about the effect their disproportionate 'grandeur' would have on the majority of the [American] people! In Germany, Hitler did not rise just single-handedly. He only answered the questions asked by his people.

"Hey Jews! The world cannot bear to have another Hitler [because of you]. Your disproportionate [presence]; your recklessness; your daring to burn the world for [even] one Jew, makes the American people and everyone in the world ask the question: 'what's happening here?' Do you know how the US is seen now? [It looks like] the biggest Jewish empire of the world. […]

"I, like everyone else, am seeing this situation… Hitler's Mein Kampf must be read especially by the Jews.

"A madman like Hitler does not just come about [without a reason]… The book which you define as 'nonsense' has set the world on fire. The Jews should think about the reasons [why]."


"Hitler Was a Man of Foresight"
Abdurrahim Karakoç, a columnist at the Islamic newspaper Vakit praised Hitler: [7]

"[…] It is impossible not to admire the foresight of Adolph Hitler, who is presented to public opinion as 'racist, sadistic, and monstrous.' Way back then, Hitler foresaw what would happen these [present] days. He cleansed off these swindler Jews, who believe in racism for a religion and take pleasure in bathing the world in blood, because he knew that they would become [this] big a curse for the world.

"[…] Hitler indeed was a man of foresight […] So Hitler did the job, yet Israel is presented to the world public opinion as the innocent victim.

"[…] The second man with foresight is evidently Osama bin Laden. If a stone hits a dog's leg somewhere in the world, Osama bin Laden gets blamed. […] Bin Laden had foreseen what would happen in Iraq, in Palestine, and in the prisons of Guantanamo.

"He [Osama] alone, or perhaps with a few friends, defies the superpowers of the world and sets fear inside the very shelters of the oppressors. […] It was Hitler yesterday, and it is Osama bin Laden today […]"

"Couldn't You Find Other People to Send to Turkey, Than the 'Jew' Edelman and the 'Jew' Feith?"

In reaction to a Wall Street Journal article by Robert Pollock [8] [on the rising anti-Americanism in Turkey] columnist Serdar Kuru wrote in the nationalist Turkish daily Ortadoğu: [9]

"[Pollock's] article determines that Turkey is becoming a paranoid third world country. And the reason they think we are paranoid is the widespread belief among Turks that America is [nothing but a] toy in the hands of Jews who have designs of aggression against Turkey. The author of the article seems to be annoyed at the exposure of the Jewish identities of the American Ambassador Edelman and later of [Douglas] Feith during his visit [to Turkey].

"[…] In reality it is clear who ordered this poor shooter [Robert Pollock, WSJ] to write this article […] Our problem is with the Zionist Jews who have grabbed every corner in America and the Evangelist Christians that they [the Jews] feed, who plan [together] to set on fire the whole world and our country. The ones who are disturbed by people, who oppose their plans, are the same ones who prepare these plans.

" The Wall Street Journal, where this article was published belongs to the Dow Jones Corporation. Peter R. Kahn, the head of Dow Jones is Jewish and is a member of CFR. This man's wife Karen House is the head of the Wall Street Journal. She too is Jewish and a member of CFR. Mrs. Karen is also the director of RAND, the think tank that prepared the world domination plans for the Bush team. Vice President of Dow Jones, Joseph Stern, is one of America's most famous Jewish lawyers. A Board of Directors member is Lewis Campbell who owns Textron the gun manufacturer and heads the security operations of the capitalist Round Table. One other Director of the Board is former president of American Express, Harvey Golubda and he is Jewish.

"By now you must have understood why Wall Street Journal is disturbed by Turkey's anti-Zionist attitude. This Jewish Dow Jones Corporation also has an exchange fund called "Dow Jones Islamic Market Turkey." This strange exchange fund [claims] to do brokerage with no interest. Some stupid fools who think they can make money without paying interest must be entrusting their monies into the hands of Jews. As you can see my friends, the reactions to the Turkish attitude towards American and Zionist expansionisms are not objective […] they are coming from the Zionists themselves.

"Is it our fault that behind every immorality, incitement, conspiracy and filth there is a Zionist ? Couldn't you send to Turkey people other than the Jew Edelman and the Jew Feith? […]"

"Our Times are Similar to 1930's in Germany"

In the leftist-liberal daily Radikal, Murat Necip Arman wrote: [10]

"The discussions we are having now are almost identical to the ones they had in Germany during the 1930's. At those days the press articles were not openly targeting the non-Germanic races yet, but were often arguing that they [the Jews] dominated the economy and that they were conducting [secret] activities that would ruin the fiber of the German society.[…]

"On New Year's Eve, in a TV channel which does not feel the need to hide its ties to a [Turkish] political party, it was recounted at great length that the Jews are a cursed people and that for this reason it was obligatory for the Muslims to eradicate them [the Jews]. […] it should not be forgotten that to openly say such a sentence constitutes a crime. […] While this neo-antisemitism is recklessly manifested in almost all media organs, in the eyes of the masses Israel's aggression towards Palestinians provides justification for such a dangerous kind of racism.

"[…] This animosity towards the non-Muslims, the like of which we have not witnessed in many years, is hovering over Turkey and agitating masses of people who are not bothered by its [grave] consequences.

"As I said, what we have here [in Turkey] presents similarities with Germany of the 1930's. I hope common sense prevails in Turkey and this dangerous trend does not lead to frightening results. […]

"At least the national press must keep in mind its social responsibility in presenting these matters with a cool head. Political parties can play dangerous games for political gains. […] But the media's common sense is essential […]"

"Persecution by Hitler Much Exaggerated"

Upon the German Government's decision to ban the publication of the Turkish Islamic daily Vakit in Germany, a columnist at Vakit, Hüseyin Üzmez, wrote: [11]

"[…] It is true that persecution [of Jews] by Hitler is much exaggerated. We are sick and tired of [list] stories of the inhuman persecution and torture he committed against the Jews. It is said that Hitler himself was a Jew… that he committed cruelty only to force the Jews to migrate from Europe to Palestine … and that it was the Israeli Zionists who dictated these acts upon him, at the time they were founding Israel. Two great powers (money and media) are in Jewish hands. The 'treacherous local collaborators' and some international organizations are also in their command.

"All humanity knows the fact that they [the Jews] are unequalled in [their] lobbying [skills]. With all this power and the tools, they can make or break anyone. […] Who can oppose them? We saw the best example of this in what the German Interior Minister did to our newspaper Vakit. Against all the European human rights agreements, German police was putting pressure on our paper. We were in the midst of a judicial process. Our paper was illegally shut down […] Then the German Interior Minister interfered. He banned our paper. […] This was a [perfect] example of execution without a trial. […] It is obvious that he [the interior minister] was directed [by someone high above] into making such a decision. […] This is how powerful the Zionists are. And this is the supposedly 'civilized and modern' West.

"[…] the German Interior Minister, who was so angry at us because we said 'Hitler had not killed six million Jews,' cannot be German. We are very curious to know whether he is a Jew?"


"Jewish Paranoia"
Columnist Yusuf Kaplan of the Islamic Yeni Şafak writes: [12]

"Jewish paranoia ( = fanaticism) is a phenomenon found in Jews that is an integral part of their character, blood and soul. Since paranoia is the form of Jewish existence and self- expression, they have never refrained from exposing it at every occasion, in the past and the present.

"[…] the Jewish paranoia can reach barbaric, cruel and inhuman dimensions […]

"Jewish paranoia has determined the color and the shape of our times. What keeps this paranoia alive is the power that the Jews possess [which enables them] to shape and direct the politics, economies and cultures of especially the western countries.

"[…] Jews also rule the Western universities and world media. […]

"Jewish desire to dominate everything in the Western countries, and the way they easily and arrogantly exploit organizations and individuals to serve Jewish interests, may end up causing a short circuit within the democratic institutions of the West. Their nosy interference with everything, and their actions beyond the reach of their size, have already started to draw serious reactions in the Western countries. Because the Jewish paranoia is blown to extreme, forced and artificial dimensions, it can explode any day and take care of them [the Jews] and cost them dearly."

"The Jews and Christian Zionism"

In his article titled 'Globalization Projects and Nationalists' Israfil Kumbasar of the nationalist-Islamic daily Yenicağ, summarizes a lecture by Mehmet Gül [13] at a recent [pan-Turkic] Turan Cultural Foundation's meeting: [14]

"[…] The only 'secret' power behind the globalization project are the Jews and the masons!...

"The 'Jewish Zionists whose goal is the 'total Jewish domination of the world' claim that a 'messiah' will come down from the sky and will build the 'World Kingdom'!...

"The same expectation is widely shared by the 'Christian Zionists' who accept all that the 'Old Testament' says!... The Christian Zionists believe that all humanity will become Christian with the coming of Jesus, the 'son of God'!...

"The Neo-Con representatives of Evangelism that amalgamates the 'Christian Zionism' and the 'Jewish Zionism' are ruling America now!...[…] they are looking for 'sacred allies' in the Islamic world, who will serve their purposes!...

"In recent years some communities with 'messianic views' are appearing within the Islamic world […] !...

"[…] We can understand the games played on the Muslim world if we learn that the 'Wahhabism' which originated in Saudi Arabia is plotted by the 'masons' to 'leave the Muslims behind.' Bahaism, Kadianism […] and other 'messiah waiting' Muslim communities all help serve 'the new world order'!... […] it seems that these 'Zionist Muslims' will soon say that 'greater Israel' is the will of the great architect of the universe'!... The Muslim Turks who follow them will only see the realities when it is too late and our lands between the Euphrates and the Tigris will already be in Israeli hands.

"[…] 'Messianic belief' is a 'Zionist trap' for all humanity! […]"






--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[1] On November 15, 2003, two major synagogues in Istanbul were bombed by Turkish Islamic terrorists, killing 26 and wounding hundreds, most of them Muslim Turks who were in the vicinity. On August 21, 2003, a Jewish dentist, Dr. Y.Yahya, had been murdered in his clinic. The perpetrator confessed upon his arrest that he had wanted to kill 'a Jew' [after what he read about the Jews in the press]. On March 9, 2004, a Masonic lodge in Istanbul was also attacked by two suicide bombers, killing one and wounding five, and the bombers were later found to have had ties with the synagogue bombers. A gun used in the attack against the Masonic lodge proved to be the same one used in the execution style murder of the Jewish dentist.

[2] The 'Dönme' are descendants of the Jewish followers of a self-proclaimed messiah, Sabbetai Sevi (1626-1676) who was forced by the sultan to convert to Islam in 1666. They consider themselves Muslims and officially are recognized as such. Dönme is the Turkish word for 'convert' but it carries overtones of 'turncoat' as well.

[3] Radikal 2 (Turkey), March 13, 2005.

[4] According to the most recent reports, 'Mein Kampf' has climbed to second place in Turkey's 'Bestsellers' list. The first place is occupied by a book titled 'Metal Storm,' a futuristic novel set in 2007 when Turkey is attacked by the U.S. military, after which a young Turkish hero explodes a nuclear bomb in America.

[5] Yenicağ (Turkey), March 15, 2005. This Turkish daily newspaper is a synthesis of radical Islam and MHP (Nationalist Movement Party) nationalism.

[6] Yenicağ (Turkey), March 26, 2005.

[7] Vakit (Turkey), August 17, 2004. In February 2005 publication of this newspaper was banned in Germany, for antisemitic incitement and its denial of the Holocaust.

[8] The Wall Street Journal, February 16, 2005.

[9] Ortadoğu (Turkey), February 19, 2005. Ortadoğu is a nationalist Turkish daily close to MHP (Nationalist Movement Party) which was a coalition partner in the previous government.

[10] Radikal (Turkey), January 23, 2005.

[11] Vakit (Turkey), February 28, 2005.

[12] Yeni Şafak (Turkey), February 21, 2005. This Islamic daily newspaper is known to be an unofficial mouthpiece of the AKP government. The newspaper's owner and PM Erdoğan have become in-laws, after the recent marriage of their children.

[13] Mehmet Gül is a former member of Parliament from MHP (Nationalist Movement Party), and he was addressing a Turan [pan-Turkic] ultra-nationalist gathering.

[14] Yenicağ (Turkey), March 4, 2005.
Dîrî
Can I aks a question?


[u][b][size=24] WHO EVEN BOTHERS READING THESE LONG AND OVERLY DETAILED ARTICLES??? icon_rolleyes.gif


Only those with a SPECIAL interest... OBVIOUSLY... Have a good and delightful discussion! icon_wink.gif
BIGTURK
Sohrab its just "Nobody" in denial, she tries to post so much garbage that people get bored and dont comment on the topic of the post which she would really hate as it would go against her crusade against Muslims.

Well its all there for those who want to read centuries of history from

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Turkey.html

Its not from a Turkish site or Islamic site neither does it have any bias towards us, its just the reality which many choose to ignore.

The centuries of Muslim Spain and its great treatment and tolerance of Jews.

Come to Istanbul there are Turkish Jews who have always lived here and love the country.

Jews of Iran, Jews and Kurds, Jews and Turks etc etc you can't lie to us about our history and Jews know this and reveal the TRUTH and FACTS on their own sites.
concheet
Turk,
your truth is selective, as is your history. It is not possible to take credit only for the good, and avoid or pass to others blame for the bad. Acknowledge the truth, both good and bad. Then we will all hold hands and sing PEACE NOW together!
PhilinFL
Diri, I guess he's damned if he does/doesn't. I read A LOT of those long posts--cdn't TAKE the whole thing--it was one disgustingly precise quote after another of Nazi-style Jew-hating by prominent Turkish Islamists and nationalists, names, dates, page #s. I for one am grateful for N's thoroughness, if he didn't I'm sure our resident Islamist/Nationalist Turk wd claim they were torn out of context, incomplete, etc...

What do they call it, "lack of short-term memory?" Like the old codger who can remember the names of his 1st-grade pals but can't remember what he had for lunch today, BDAT constantly blathers on about the 15th century Ottomans, but can't seem to notice the IslamoNazis publishing their poison right down the street in 2005...the ones who are buying the Turkish "Mein Kampf" in the tens of thousands...
BIGTURK
Phil read the post its history from Ottoman Times to MODERN TURKEY you really had a read icon_rolleyes.gif you really read it all dont you icon_rolleyes.gif

Mein Keimph is a book sold internationally reading it doesnt make you anti-semitic, reading opens you to anti-semitism and peopls ONLY learn through the mistakes of the past remember this.

So you found some "allegations" of Turkish media being Anti-Semitic I guess its the sole country in the world and responsible for all Anti-Semitic feeling lets blame it all on the Turks hey but before go ask famous newspaper writters and journalests like Sami Kohen of Milleyet and the many others what they think about this bs trying to defame our name.

Shame on you Phil, your willing to disregard centuries of FACTS provided by JEWS yes JEWS cos of a few allegations that segments of our media are anti-semitic its a shame you dont show the same feeling for anti-semitism not allegations actual open anti-semitism in the Europe in the media but hey their not Muslims their not Turks so it dont matter.

QUOTE
CONECHEAT
Turk,
your truth is selective, as is your history. It is not possible to take credit only for the good, and avoid or pass to others blame for the bad.


Will you listen to your self your still in denial WHAT SELECTIVE TRUTH

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsourc...vjw/Turkey.html

WHAT IS BIAS OR SELECTIVE OF THIS SITE, READ IT AND SEE IF I HAVE SELECTIVELY CHOSEN THE GOOD BITS GO ON, JEWS WROTE THIS NOT TURKS, JEWS YES JEWS WITHOUT ISLAMOPHOBIA, JEWS WHO ACKNOWLEDGE THEIR HISTORY AND RESPECT TURKS AND MUSLIMS FOR IT.

The only one SELECTIVE with the truth is you, anything done good by Europe to Jews is blown out and raised to the skies and everything Muslims do is swept under the carpet and desperately forgotten about.
Dîrî
QUOTE(BIGTURK)
Phil read the post its history from Ottoman Times to MODERN TURKEY you really had a read icon_rolleyes.gif you really read it all dont you icon_rolleyes.gif

Mein Keimph is a book sold internationally reading it doesnt make you anti-semitic, reading opens you to anti-semitism and peopls ONLY learn through the mistakes of the past remember this.

So you found some \"allegations\" of Turkish media being Anti-Semitic I guess its the sole country in the world and responsible for all Anti-Semitic feeling lets blame it all on the Turks hey but before go ask famous newspaper writters and journalests like Sami Kohen of Milleyet and the many others what they think about this bs trying to defame our name.

Shame on you Phil, your willing to disregard centuries of FACTS provided by JEWS yes JEWS cos of a few allegations that segments of our media are anti-semitic its a shame you dont show the same feeling for anti-semitism not allegations actual open anti-semitism in the Europe in the media but hey their not Muslims their not Turks so it dont matter.

QUOTE
CONECHEAT
Turk,
your truth is selective, as is your history. It is not possible to take credit only for the good, and avoid or pass to others blame for the bad.


Will you listen to your self your still in denial WHAT SELECTIVE TRUTH

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsourc...vjw/Turkey.html

WHAT IS BIAS OR SELECTIVE OF THIS SITE, READ IT AND SEE IF I HAVE SELECTIVELY CHOSEN THE GOOD BITS GO ON, JEWS WROTE THIS NOT TURKS, JEWS YES JEWS WITHOUT ISLAMOPHOBIA, JEWS WHO ACKNOWLEDGE THEIR HISTORY AND RESPECT TURKS AND MUSLIMS FOR IT.

The only one SELECTIVE with the truth is you, anything done good by Europe to Jews is blown out and raised to the skies and everything Muslims do is swept under the carpet and desperately forgotten about.



But Emrah - I am not sure that about ant-semitism applis to the Turkey - because according to statistics done by the BBC - 70% of Turks hate the US (or was it 80%) and then if you hate your biggest ally - how much would you hate your lesser ally? icon_wink.gif
BIGTURK
Phil read the post its history from Ottoman Times to MODERN TURKEY you really had a read you really read it all dont you

Mein Keimph is a book sold internationally reading it doesnt make you anti-semitic, reading opens you to anti-semitism and peopls ONLY learn through the mistakes of the past remember this.

So you found some "allegations" of Turkish media being Anti-Semitic I guess its the sole country in the world and responsible for all Anti-Semitic feeling lets blame it all on the Turks hey but before go ask famous newspaper writters and journalests like Sami Kohen of Milleyet and the many others what they think about this bs trying to defame our name.

Shame on you Phil, your willing to disregard centuries of FACTS provided by JEWS yes JEWS cos of a few allegations that segments of our media are anti-semitic its a shame you dont show the same feeling for anti-semitism not allegations actual open anti-semitism in the Europe in the media but hey their not Muslims their not Turks so it dont matter.

Quote:
CONECHEAT
Turk,
your truth is selective, as is your history. It is not possible to take credit only for the good, and avoid or pass to others blame for the bad.


Will you listen to your self your still in denial WHAT SELECTIVE TRUTH

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsourc...vjw/Turkey.html

WHAT IS BIAS OR SELECTIVE OF THIS SITE, READ IT AND SEE IF I HAVE SELECTIVELY CHOSEN THE GOOD BITS GO ON, JEWS WROTE THIS NOT TURKS, JEWS YES JEWS WITHOUT ISLAMOPHOBIA, JEWS WHO ACKNOWLEDGE THEIR HISTORY AND RESPECT TURKS AND MUSLIMS FOR IT.

The only one SELECTIVE with the truth is you, anything done good by Europe to Jews is blown out and raised to the skies and everything Muslims do is swept under the carpet and desperately forgotten about.
BIGTURK
Phil dont you have any response to Jews telling the history between them and the Muslim Turks, it isnt quite as you make out is it, your views?
PhilinFL
BT, I'm still waiting for you to confess that the Ottoman Muslimsa DESTROYED THE HURVAH SYNAGOGUE because they were behind on their taxes...

And confess that the Jordanian Muslims DESTROYED THE HURVAH SYNAGOGUE A SECOND TIME because they really, really hated Judaism and Jews.

Just confess to these historical facts, and we can move forward. CONFESS!!
Dîrî
QUOTE(PhilinFL)
BT, I'm still waiting for you to confess that the Ottoman Muslimsa DESTROYED THE HURVAH SYNAGOGUE because they were behind on their taxes...

And confess that the Jordanian Muslims DESTROYED THE HURVAH SYNAGOGUE A SECOND TIME because they really, really hated Judaism and Jews.

Just confess to these historical facts, and we can move forward. CONFESS!!



You'll be waiting through Christmas... Oh sorry - meant Honuka... icon_rolleyes.gif
concheet
[size=14][b]ATTENTION! Double-posting on this page! Apparently BT is STUCK for new and original posts. Thinks he will get his answer through repetition. He needs to be disabused of this idea.

IPB Image
BIGTURK
I'm giving JEWISH sources, I could easily post loads of Biased sources but I choose not to, not that it means anything to you, you'll even try to prove fellow Jews wrong as if they are lying, Phil I responded to your post about this event, Can't you respond to these centuries of Jewish and Muslim Turk relations?
PhilinFL
Remember, "CONFESSION IS GOOD FOR THE SOUL," BT!!

DO THE RIGHT THING FOR ONCE AND CONFESS!!
BIGTURK
I replied to your post on your post Phil, this isnt your post this is about the relationship between Turks and Muslim Turks throughout history according to JEWS so why do you refuse to confess to this as you said

CONFESSION IS GOOD FOR THE SOUL," PHIL!!

DO THE RIGHT THING FOR ONCE AND CONFESS!!
nobody
turk:
QUOTE
Sohrab its just \"Nobody\" in denial, she tries to post so much garbage that people get bored and dont comment on the topic of the post which she would really hate as it would go against her crusade against Muslims.


are you characterizing my posts without backing it up turk??

i will rebutt what turk has said with the following testimonials:

"The respected Middle East Media Research Institute.. ."
- Roll Call, May 26, 2003

"I hope you receive MEMRI's publications. I do. I find its material – translations and analyses of poisonous articles, hate-filled statements and slanderous accusations – vitally needed for the fight against antisemitism in the Arab world. Policy makers, legislators, teachers, and news commentators greatly benefit from its efforts to use truth in the service of peace."
- Elie Wiesel, May 22, 2003

"the indispensable scholars at the Middle East Media Research Institute"
-The Weekly Standard, May 26, 2003

"Thanks to the translators at the Middle East Media Research Institute,Americans can get a much better sense of the message coming from the Arabic-language press throughout the Middle East. Their work helps combat those who would murmur messages of peace and tolerance to Western ears, and then incite hatred and extremism to their countrymen in their native tongue."
- National Review Online, May 20, 2003

"You know, you've got things in the Saudi papers running now that thanks to the Middle East Media Research Institute we can read in English translation."
- FOX News, May 16, 2003

"As I was writing this column, I received an E-mail from Memri, the organization that opens the minds of those who cannot read Arabic by distributing almost daily translations of Arabic newspapers and government pronouncements."
- A.M. Rosenthal, New York Daily News, May 16, 2003

"MEMRI, the indispensable group that translates the ravings of the Saudi and Egyptian press..."
- Weekly Standard, April 28, 2003

"The role that MEMRI is playing in bringing the voices of the Arab and Muslim Reform – from Arabic into English, to the world – has been absolutely invaluable for everyone who cares about this process and wants to follow it."
- Thomas Friedman, May 6, 2003

"Let me first express my appreciation to MEMRI, the Middle East Media Research Institute, for invaluable work they’re doing. At a time when the line of division between the civilized world and terrorism is as clear as it is today, MEMRI’s enormously effective work, on behalf of truth, civilization, open press of all types, is deeply appreciated by many of us in the Congress."
- February 4, 2003, Tom Lantos (D-CA), Ranking Democrat of the Committee on International Relations Congressman

"… the website of the Middle East Media Research Institute, which performs the invaluable service of translating Arabic media and sermons into English…"
- January 13, 2003, The Weekly Standard

"… translations from Arabic on websites like www.memri.org let the rest of the world know what Saudis and other Arabs are saying to each other…"
- January 13, 2003, Newsweek

"… the evidence on MEMRI, the estimable Middle East Media Research Institute, www.memri.org ..."
- January 7, 2003, United Press International

"This quote, as many others from the Middle East, can be found on the indispensable website www.memri.org"
- December 19 2002, Die Welt (Berlin)

"It is almost impossible to exaggerate the importance of the work of MEMRI, which sheds lights on aspects of the Middle East that our enemies would prefer to go unnoticed. MEMRI is simply an invaluable asset to any journalist or anyone who wants to understand the Middle East."
- December 13, 2002 National Review, Rich Lowry Editor

"It is to the translations circulated by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) that we owe what we have now learned about what appears in Arabic-language newspapers and television broadcasts, as well as what is preached by Islamic clerics in their weekly sermons."
- September 9, 2002, Commentary, Norman Podhoretz

"If there were justice in the universe, the MiddleEast Media Research Institute would already have been awarded some kind of special-achievement Pulitzer Prize. MEMRI has pioneered the careful translation, and dissemination to European and American audiences, of print and broadcast news sources in the Arab world. The group's work now pops up everywhere; here in the States, hardly a week goes by when some major daily or cable news show doesn't make use (generally without attribution) of a MEMRI translation… For more information from and about the Middle East Media Research Institute, see their website at www.memri.org. And if you're able, please consider sending them a contribution."
- June 12, 2002, The Weekly Standard, David Tell

"www.memri.org - What they do is very simple, no commentary nothing else. What they do is they just translate what the Saudis say in the mosques, say in their newspapers, say in government pronouncements, say in their press."
- October 1, 2002, BBC

"MEMRI is an invaluable source for anyone seriously interested in the Middle East."
-Professor Bernard Lewis, Princeton University, September 3, 2001

"The single most important resource for understanding what is happening in the Middle East today."
-Charles Krauthammer, Pulitzer Prize winner, October 4, 2001

"MEMRI, an invaluable research service."
-Thomas L. Friedman, New York Times Pulitzer Prize winner, October 16, 2001

"MEMRI is the most important research source for the Arab world of which I know and it has been immensely helpful to me and to just about every other serious person who writes about the Middle East."
-Martin Peretz, Editor-in-Chief and Chairman, The New Republic, October 9, 2001

"I am full of admiration for the work MEMRI has done … in its dedicated exposure of Arab antisemitism. Until MEMRI undertook its effort to review and translate articles from the Arab press, there was only dim public awareness of this problem in the United States. Thanks to MEMRI, this ugly phenomenon has been unmasked, and numerous American writers have called attention to it."
- U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos, May 1, 2002

"If there were justice in the universe, the Middle East Media Research Institute would already have been awarded some kind of special-achievement Pulitzer Prize. MEMRI has pioneered the careful translation, and dissemination to European and American audiences, of print and broadcast news sources in the Arab world."
-David Tell, The Weekly Standard, June 12, 2002

"… the excellent Middle East Media Research Institute"
-Former CIA director James Woolsey, June 10, 2002

"Plenty of journalists leaned heavily on MEMRI's translations, citing 'the invaluable Middle East Media Research Institute.' In fact, 'invaluable' has been written so often before MEMRI's name that one could have been forgiven for thinking the word was part of the name. MEMRI served as an antidote to darkness, as a way not to be ignorant.… The veil has been lifted by MEMRI."
-Jay Nordlinger, National Review, May 6, 2002

"I have always considered MEMRI to be an invaluable research tool."
-Richard Cohen, nationally syndicated columnist, October 5, 2001
**********************************************************
nobody
QUOTE
Can I aks a question?


WHO EVEN BOTHERS READING THESE LONG AND OVERLY DETAILED ARTICLES???


obviously not you. which is fine. to each according to their ability/interest!

anyway, articles like the one i post have enought of an abstract in the beginning to give the intent of the article. much of the article is support for the beginning premise. also much of the articles are citations for sources.
PhilinFL
QUOTE(BIGTURK)
I replied to your post on your post Phil, this isnt your post this is about the relationship between Turks and Muslim Turks throughout history according to JEWS so why do you refuse to confess to this as you said


Well, if it's between the Turks and the Turks, I'll let you work it out, then.

But you STILL HAVEN'T CONFESSED your lies, even on the other thread, everyone can see it...in fact, you didn't even thank me for correcting your earlier falsehood about Suleiman rescuing the Jews from Spain.

CONFESS, YOU'LL FEEL BETTER! icon_biggrin.gif
BIGTURK
nOBODY reaally proving to be a Nobody by SPAMMING icon_lol.gif

Whats wrong u dont want the truths the Jews themselves post to come out, remember its quality not quantity icon_wink.gif your posting allegations of individuals who have anti0semitic setiment, I am posting centuries of Good Will of how Jews feel about it.

Phil I have responded on your post to your event, cant you respond to my post, what are your views of BayezidII?
concheet
Thessaloniki's Jews

JEWS OF GREECE

From the foundation of Thessaloniki more than 2000 years ago, and especially since the 16th Century, the Jewish community has played an important part in the life of the city. When Thessaloniki was founded, Ptolemy I, who had been a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, was the ruler of Egypt and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. At the request of Kassandros (the founder of Thessaloniki) Ptolemy sent over a group of his Jewish artisans to assist in the building of the city, and this was the foundation of the Jewish community.

Jews from Alexandria arrived in 140 BC and there is a further mention of the Jews of Macedonia in 10 AD. In the Acts of the Apostles we read that St Paul visited the city in 50 AD and taught at the synagogue there, so there was clearly a Jewish community established by then.

There were various influxes of Jews during the intervening centuries, but by far the largest occurred at the end of the 15th Century. By that time the Jewish communities of Spain had been flourishing for some considerable time, and brought forth great scholars, artists, philosophers, traders, scientists and artisans. This came to an abrupt end in 1492 when Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain and the Inquisition decided to expel all the Jews. When the Jews had gone, the Spanish tore up their cemeteries and razed the areas they had lived in. They even gave those areas new, Christian, names to obliterate all memory of their former inhabitants, so that the old Jewish quarters now have names such as Santa Cruz (Holy Cross).

The Ottomans couldn't understand why the Spanish would want to get rid of such a valuable resource, and happily welcomed this large influx of new taxpayers2.

The Jews of Thessaloniki thrived in commerce and industry as well as the professions, established their own comprehensive welfare system and charitable institutions and became the main labour force. [b]They lived in peace and prosperity with their Christian and Muslim neighbours and fought alongside them in battle.


Then in April 1941, the Axis powers occupied Thessaloniki, and for the Jewish community this was of course the beginning of the end.


http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A753581

How sad that Today's Turkey is not as 'welcoming' as yesterday's Ottomans.
Dîrî
Yesterday---> All my troubles seemed so far away... icon_rolleyes.gif
BIGTURK
YOU WANNA TALK ABOUT THE JEWS OF Thessaloniki YEAH CONEHEAD.

First of all they were the Jews of the Ottoman Empire, Thessaloniki was majority Muslim and home to many Jews at this time, in the population exchange the Muslims were moved out to Turkey.

The Jews stayed.

Now heres a little task for you WHERE ARE THE JEWS OF THESSALONIKI TODAY HA? WHAT DID YOUR GREEK FRIENDS DO TO THEM? GO AND FIND OUT AND DISCOVER WHO SAVED THEM FROM THE HANDS OF THE GREEK NAZI'S.
PhilinFL
Just confess that the Ottomans and the Jordanians EACH demolished the same synagogue in Jerusalem. Why can't you answer a direct question: didn't this happen, yes or no?

CONFESS, YOU'LL FEEL BETTER!! icon_razz.gif
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